Author + information
- Received January 22, 1997
- Revision received August 11, 1997
- Accepted August 21, 1997
- Published online December 1, 1997.
- Pierre G Mélon, MDAC,
- Christian M de Landsheere, MDBC,
- Christian Degueldre, PhDC,
- Jean-Luc Peters, MDB,
- Henri E Kulbertus, MD, FACCA and
- Luc A Piérard, MDA,* ()
- ↵*Dr. Luc A. Piérard, Division of Cardiology, University Hospital of Liège, B-35, Sart Tilman, B-4000 Liège, Belgium.
Objectives. This study sought to determine the incidence and extent of dobutamine-induced contractile reserve in myocardial regions characterized by classical and new positron emission tomographic (PET) patterns in patients with chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction.
Background. PET is considered the most accurate method for assessment of myocardial viability, which is traditionally identified by perfusion–metabolism mismatch.
Methods. In 23 patients, segmental wall thickening expressed by four echocardiographic scores at rest and during low dose (5 and 10 μg/kg body weight per min) dobutamine infusion and regional myocardial uptake of potassium-38 and fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) during glucose clamp were compared in 16 corresponding segments.
Results. Of a total of 368 segments, data analysis focused on 214 (58%) dyssynergic segments at baseline. Contractile reserve was identified with increasing incidence according to the six following PET patterns: 1) diminished perfusion and moderate reduction of F-18 FDG uptake (3 [11%] of 28 segments); 2) proportional reduction of perfusion and F-18 FDG uptake (10 [23%] of 43 segments); 3) perfusion–metabolism mismatch (19 [46%] of 41 segments); 4) preserved perfusion but moderate reduction of F-18 FDG uptake (13 [46%] of 27 segments); 5) preserved perfusion and F-18 FDG uptake (37 [59%] of 63 segments) compared with our normal database; and 6) normal perfusion but absolute increased F-18 FDG uptake (8 [73%] of 11 segments). In the latter category, only 7 of 24 segments had normal rest function. In dyssynergic segments with F-18 FDG uptake ≥50% supplied by vessels with ≥75% stenosis, improvement in contractility during dobutamine correlated with the presence of collateral channels.
Conclusions. Myocardial regions with the traditional mismatch pattern of viability show contractile reserve in slightly <50%. In segments with moderate reduction of F-18 FDG uptake, the contractile response to dobutamine is linked to the level of rest perfusion. Most segments with preserved perfusion and increased F-18 FDG uptake have impaired rest function, but contractile reserve is still present. These data suggest that in chronic ischemic left ventricular dysfunction, myocardial hibernation is a heterogeneous condition.
- Received January 22, 1997.
- Revision received August 11, 1997.
- Accepted August 21, 1997.
- The American College of Cardiology