Author + information
- Received February 17, 1997
- Revision received July 28, 1997
- Accepted August 27, 1997
- Published online December 1, 1997.
- ↵*Dr. Makram R. Ebeid, University of Mississippi School of Medicine, Children’s Hospital, 2500 North State Street, Jackson, Mississippi 39216.
Objectives. In this study we report our preliminary results and intermediate-term follow-up (up to 3.5 years) of stent implantation for coarctation of the aorta (COA).
Background. Balloon angioplasty has gained acceptance as a modality of treatment for COA. Some patients do not respond optimally to balloon angioplasty alone. Balloon-expandable stents have been used in pulmonary arteries and large systemic arteries such as the femoroiliac vessels, with a significant improvement in vessel patency and a reduction in the pressure gradient compared with balloon angioplasty alone.
Methods. Nine patients (>10 years old) with COA in whom balloon dilation alone was thought to be ineffective underwent stent implantation. Seven patients had a previous operation or balloon dilation, or both, to relieve their coarctation but had a significant residual/recurrent gradient.
Results. At the time of stent implantation, the systolic and mean gradients decreased from a mean (±SEM) of 37 ± 7 and 14 ± 3 mm Hg to 4 ± 1 and 2 ± 0.6 mm Hg, respectively (p ≤ 0.002). The coarctation diameter increased from a mean of 9 ± 1 to 15 ± 1 mm (p < 0.002). The patients have been followed for up to 42 months (mean 18, median 13) with no complications; the stents remain in position with no fracture. One patient underwent further successful dilation 3 years after stent implantation because of an exercise-induced gradient. No other intervention has been required. The systolic gradient at latest follow-up is 7 ± 2 mm Hg. Only two (a 44-year old with diabetes and a 50-year old with long-standing hypertension) of five patients previously requiring antihypertensive treatment still remain on medications for blood pressure control.
Conclusions. The use of stents in COA is a feasible alternative to surgical repair or balloon angioplasty in selected patients with an effective gradient reduction. Intermediate-term follow-up shows excellent gradient relief, with no complications in this group of patients.
- Received February 17, 1997.
- Revision received July 28, 1997.
- Accepted August 27, 1997.
- The American College of Cardiology