Author + information
- Received May 7, 1997
- Revision received July 18, 1997
- Accepted October 29, 1997
- Published online February 1, 1998.
- Hubert Seggewiss, MDA,*,
- Ulrich Gleichmann, MDA,
- Lothar Faber, MDA,
- Dieter Fassbender, MDA,
- Henning K Schmidt, MDA and
- Stefan Strick, MDA
- ↵*Dr. Hubert Seggewiss, Kardiologische Klinik, Herz- und Diabeteszentrum Nordrhein-Westfalch, Universitätsklinik der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Georgstrasse 11, 32545 Bad Oeynhausen, Germany. E-mail: email@example.com. %
Objectives. We report the acute results and midterm clinical course after percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) in symptomatic patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM).
Background. In the treatment of HOCM, surgical myectomy and DDD pacemaker therapy are considered the standard procedural extensions to drug therapy with negatively inotropic drugs. As an alternative nonsurgical procedure for reducing the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient, PTSMA by alcohol-induced septal branch occlusion was introduced. However, clinical follow-up has not been sufficiently described.
Methods. In 25 patients (13 women, 12 men; mean [±SD] age 54.7 ± 15.0 years) who were symptomatic despite sufficient drug therapy, 1.4 ± 0.6 septal branches were occluded with an injection of 4.1 ± 2.6 ml of alcohol (96%) to ablate the hypertrophied interventricular septum. After 3-months, follow-up results of LVOT gradients and clinical course were determined.
Results. The invasively determined LVOT gradients could be reduced in 22 patients (88%), with a mean reduction from 61.8 ± 29.8 mm Hg (range 4 to 152) to 19.4 ± 20.8 mm Hg (range 0 to 74) at rest (p < 0.0001) and from 141.4 ± 45.3 mm Hg (range 76 to 240) to 61.1 ± 40.1 mm Hg (range 0 to 135) after extrasystole. All patients had angina pectoris for 24 h. The maximal creatine kinase increase was 780 ± 436 U/liter (range 305 to 1,810) after 11.1 ± 6.0 h (range 4 to 24). Thirteen patients (52%) developed a trifascicular block for 5 min to 8 days requiring temporary (n = 8 [32%]) or permanent (DDD) pacemaker implantation (n = 5 [20%]). An 86-year old woman died 8 days after successful intervention of uncontrollable ventricular fibrillation in conjunction with beta-sympathomimetics in chronically obstructive pulmonary disease. The remaining patients were discharged after 11.3 ± 5.4 days (range 5 to 24), after an uncomplicated hospital course. Clinical and echocardiographic follow-up was achieved in all 24 surviving patients after 3 months. No cardiac complications occurred. Twenty-one patients (88%) showed clinical improvement, with a New York Heart Association functional class of 1.4 ± 1.1. A further reduction in LVOT gradient was shown in 14 patients (58%).
Conclusions. PTSMA of HOCM is a promising nonsurgical technique for septal myocardial reduction, with a consecutive reduction in LVOT gradient. Possible complications are trifascicular blocks, requiring permanent pacemaker implantation, and tachycardiac rhythm disturbances. Clinical long-term observations of larger patient series and a comparison with conventional forms of therapy are necessary to determine the conclusive therapeutic significance.
☆ To discuss this article on-line, visit the ACC Home Page at www.acc.org/membersand click on the JACC Forum
- Received May 7, 1997.
- Revision received July 18, 1997.
- Accepted October 29, 1997.
- The American College of Cardiology