Author + information
- Received August 13, 1997
- Revision received December 17, 1997
- Accepted December 30, 1997
- Published online April 1, 1998.
- Nicholas Kipshidze, MD,FACC, PhDA,* (, )
- Harry Sahota, MDB,
- Richard Komorowski, MDA,
- Victor Nikolaychik, MD, PhDC and
- Michael H Keelan Jr., MD, FACCA
- ↵*Dr. Nicholas Kipshidze, Medical College of Wisconsin, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Froedtert East, 9200 West Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226.
Objectives. This study evaluated the long-term impact of endoluminal low power red laser light (LPRLL) on restenosis in an atherosclerotic rabbit model.
Background. Despite widespread application of balloon angioplasty for treatment of coronary artery disease, restenosis limits its clinical benefits. Restenosis is a complex process and may be partly attributed to the inability of the vascular endothelium to regenerate and cover the denuded area at the site of arterial injury. We previously demonstrated that LPRLL stimulates endothelial cell proliferation in vitro and contributes to rapid endothelial regeneration after balloon injury in nonatherosclerotic rabbits.
Methods. Rabbit abdominal aortas (n = 12) were treated in separate zones with balloon dilation and balloon dilation plus laser illumination. Endoluminal laser therapy was performed using a laser-balloon catheter delivering a single dose of 10 mW for 3 min from a helium-neon laser (632 nm). Angiography was performed before and after treatment and was repeated 8 weeks before harvesting the aortas.
Results. Quantitative angiographic analysis demonstrated no differences in the minimal lumen diameter (MLD) between the two zones before treatment; an increase in the MLD in both zones after balloon angioplasty and a significant versus slight reduction of the MLD in the balloon treatment versus balloon plus laser zones at 8 weeks. Histologic examination showed a very high level of myointimal hyperplasia in the balloon treatment zones but a minimal level in the LPRLL-treated zones. Morphometric analysis revealed a statistically significant difference in the lumen area, intimal area and intima/media ratio between the balloon versus balloon plus laser treatment sites.
Conclusions. Our experimental data indicate that endoluminal irradiation with LPRLL prevents restenosis after balloon angioplasty in an atherosclerotic rabbit model.
- Received August 13, 1997.
- Revision received December 17, 1997.
- Accepted December 30, 1997.
- The American College of Cardiology