Author + information
- Received October 1, 1997
- Revision received February 2, 1998
- Accepted February 4, 1998
- Published online May 1, 1998.
- Noriyoshi Yamamoto, MDA,
- Takushi Kohmoto, MDA,
- Anguo Gu, MDB,
- Carolyn DeRosa, BSA,
- Craig R. Smith, MDA and
- Daniel Burkhoff, MD, PhDB,* ()
- ↵*Dr. Daniel Burkhoff, Department of Medicine, Division of Circulatory Physiology, Columbia University, 630 West 168th Street, New York, New York 10032.
Objectives. This study sought to test whether transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) stimulates angiogenesis in an animal model of chronic ischemia.
Background. TMLR relieves angina and may also improve blood flow in patients who are not candidates for traditional therapies. The mechanisms of these benefits are not fully defined.
Methods. Ischemia was created in 14 dogs by proximal left anterior descending coronary ameroid constrictors. TMLR was performed in the anterior wall (∼1 channel/cm2) of seven dogs; the remaining dogs served as the ischemic control group. Myocardial blood flow was measured (colored microspheres) at rest and during chemical stress (adenosine) in the acute setting and after 2 months.
Results. TMLR did not influence blood flow in the acute setting. After 2 months, resting blood flow increased comparably in the anterior wall in both groups to ∼80% of normal. However, the TMLR-treated dogs demonstrated an ∼40% increase in blood flow capacity during stress in the ischemic territory compared with untreated dogs (left anterior descending coronary artery/left circumflex coronary artery flow 0.53 ± 0.16 in the control group vs. 0.73 ± 0.08 in TMLR animals, p < 0.05). Vascular proliferation, assessed by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation and proliferating cell nuclear antigen positivity in endothelial and smooth muscle cells was about four times greater in the TMLR group than in the control group (p < 0.001). The density of vessels with at least one smooth muscle cell layer was ∼1.4 times greater in the myocardium surrounding the TMLR channel remnants than in control ischemic tissue (p < 0.001).
Conclusions. In this canine model of chronic ischemia, TMLR significantly enhances angiogenesis as evidenced by the increased number of vessels lined with smooth muscle cells, markedly increased vascular proliferation and increased blood flow capacity during stress.
- Received October 1, 1997.
- Revision received February 2, 1998.
- Accepted February 4, 1998.
- The American College of Cardiology