Author + information
- Received May 29, 2001
- Revision received August 3, 2001
- Accepted September 4, 2001
- Published online December 1, 2001.
- Michael Billinger, MDa,
- Christian Seiler, MD, FACCa,
- Martin Fleisch, MDa,
- Franz R Eberli, MDa,
- Bernhard Meier, MD, FACCa and
- Otto M Hess, MD*,a ()
- ↵*Reprint requests and correspondence: Prof. Dr. Otto M. Hess, Swiss Cardiovascular Center, Bern University Hospital, CH-3010 Bern, Switzerland
Beta-adrenergic blocking agents are the cornerstone in the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). The exact pathophysiologic mechanism is not clear but depends largely on the oxygen-sparing effect of the drug. Thus, the effect of metoprolol on coronary flow reserve and coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) was determined in patients with CAD.
Coronary blood flow velocity was measured with the Doppler flow wire in 23 patients (age: 56 ± 10) undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for therapeutic reasons. Measurements were carried out at rest, after 1-min vessel occlusion (postischemic CFVR) as well as after intracoronary adenosine (pharmacologic CFVR) before and after 5 mg intravenous metoprolol. In a subgroup (n = 15), absolute flow was measured from coronary flow velocity multiplied by coronary cross-sectional area.
Rate-pressure product decreased after metoprolol from 9.1 to 8.0 × 103mm Hg/min (p < 0.001). Pharmacologic CFVR was 2.1 at rest and increased after metoprolol to 2.7 (p = 0.002). Likewise, postischemic CFVR increased from 2.6 to 3.3 (p < 0.001). Postischemic CFVR was significantly higher than pharmacologic CFVR before as well as after metoprolol. Coronary vascular resistance decreased after metoprolol from 3.4 ± 2.0 to 2.3 ± 0.7 mm Hg × s/cm (p < 0.02).
The following conclusions were drawn from this study. Metoprolol is associated with a significant increase in postischemic and pharmacologic CFVR. However, postischemic CFVR is significantly higher than pharmacologic CFVR. The increase in CFVR by metoprolol can be explained by a reduction in vascular resistance. The increase in CFVR (= increased supply) and the reduction in oxygen consumption (= decreased demand) after metoprolol explain the beneficial effect of this beta-blocker in patients with CAD.
☆ Supported by an educational grand of the Swiss Heart Foundation, Bern, Switzerland.
- Received May 29, 2001.
- Revision received August 3, 2001.
- Accepted September 4, 2001.
- American College of Cardiology