Author + information
- Received June 4, 2001
- Revision received August 21, 2001
- Accepted August 31, 2001
- Published online December 1, 2001.
- Jian Xin, MDa,
- Takahiro Shiota, MD, PhD, FACCa,
- Harry M Lever, MD, FACC*,a (, )
- Samir R Kapadia, MDa,
- Marta Sitges, MDa,
- David N Rubin, MDa,
- Fabrice Bauer, MDa,
- Neil L Greenberg, PhDa,
- Deborah A Agler, RDCSa,
- Jeanne K Drinko, RDCSa,
- Maureen Martina,
- Murat Tuzcu, MD, FACCa,
- Nicholas G Smedira, MD, FACCa,
- Bruce Lytle, MD, FACCa and
- James D Thomas, MD, FACCa
- ↵*Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Harry M. Lever, Department of Cardiology-Desk F15, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.
Objectives This study was conducted to evaluate follow-up results in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) who underwent either percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) or septal myectomy.
Background Controversy exists with regard to these two forms of treatment for patients with HOCM.
Methods Of 51 patients with HOCM treated, 25 were treated by PTSMA and 26 patients via myectomy. Two-dimensional echocardiograms were performed before both procedures, immediately afterwards and at a three-month follow-up. The New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class was obtained before the procedures and at follow-up.
Results Interventricular septal thickness was significantly reduced at follow-up in both groups (2.3 ± 0.4 cm vs. 1.9 ± 0.4 cm for septal ablation and 2.4 ± 0.6 cm vs. 1.7 ± 0.2 cm for myectomy, both p < 0.001). Estimated by continuous-wave Doppler, the resting pressure gradient (PG) across the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) significantly decreased immediately after the procedures in both groups (64 ± 39 mm Hg vs. 28 ± 29 mm Hg for PTSMA, 62 ± 43 mm Hg vs. 7 ± 7 mm Hg for myectomy, both p < 0.0001). At three-month follow-up, the resting PG remained lower in the PTSMA and myectomy groups (24 ± 19 mm Hg and 11 ± 6 mm Hg, respectively, vs. those before procedures, both p < 0.0001). The NYHA functional class was also significantly improved in both groups (3.5 ± 0.5 vs. 1.9 ± 0.7 for PTSMA, 3.3 ± 0.5 vs. 1.5 ± 0.7 for myectomy, both p < 0.0001).
Conclusions Both myectomy and PTSMA reduce LVOT obstruction and significantly improve NYHA functional class in patients with HOCM. However, there are benefits and drawbacks for each therapeutic method that must be counterbalanced when deciding on treatment for LVOT obstruction.
- Received June 4, 2001.
- Revision received August 21, 2001.
- Accepted August 31, 2001.
- American College of Cardiology