Author + information
- Received October 15, 2001
- Revision received February 21, 2002
- Accepted February 22, 2002
- Published online May 15, 2002.
- Lars Aaberge, MD*,* (, )
- Kjell Rootwelt, MD, PhD†,
- Svein Blomhoff, MD, PhD‡,
- Kjell Saatvedt, MD, PhD§,
- Michel Abdelnoor, MPH, PhD∥ and
- Kolbjorn Forfang, MD, PhD*
- ↵*Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Lars Aaberge, Feiringklinikken, N-2093 Feiring, Norway.
Objectives The goals of this study were to assess late clinical outcome and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after transmyocardial revascularization with CO2laser (TMR).
Background During the 1990s TMR emerged as a treatment option for patients with refractory angina not eligible for conventional revascularization. Few reports exist on clinical effects and LVEF >3 years after TMR.
Methods One hundred patients with refractory angina not eligible for conventional revascularization were block-randomized 1:1 to receive continued medical treatment or medical treatment combined with TMR. The patients were evaluated at baseline and after 3, 12 and 43 (range: 32 to 60) months with end points to angina, hospitalizations due to acute myocardial infarctions or unstable angina, heart failure and LVEF. Mortality was registered and MOS 36 Short-Form Health Survey answered at baseline and after 3, 6 and 12 months.
Results Forty-three months after TMR, angina symptoms were still significantly improved, and unstable angina hospitalizations reduced by 55% (p < 0.001). Heart failure treatment (p < 0.01) increased, whereas the number of acute myocardial infarctions, LVEF and mortality was not affected. Quality of life was improved 3, 6 and 12 months after TMR.
Conclusions Forty-three months after TMR, angina symptoms and hospitalizations due to unstable angina were significantly reduced, heart failure treatment increased and LVEF and mortality were seemingly unaffected.
☆ Supported by the Norwegian Ministry of Health and Social Affairs.
- Received October 15, 2001.
- Revision received February 21, 2002.
- Accepted February 22, 2002.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation