Author + information
- Received February 7, 1984
- Revision received April 18, 1984
- Accepted April 30, 1984
- Published online September 1, 1984.
- Bruce W. Lytle, MD, FACC*,1,
- John R. Kramer, MD1,
- Leonard R. Golding, MD, FACC1,
- Delos M. Cosgrove, MD, FACC1,
- Judith A. Borsh, RN1,
- Marlene Goormastic, MPH1 and
- Floyd D. Loop, MD, FACC1
- ↵*Address for reprints: Bruce W. Lytle, MD, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106.
This study reviews data on 107 patients, aged 35 years or younger, who underwent surgical coronary revascularization from 1971 to 1975. Early clinical events included one operative death and five nonfatal perioperative myocardial infarctions. Late follow-up (mean interval after operation 115 months) demonstrated actuarial survival rates of 94% at 5 years and 85% at 10 years. Fifteen late deaths, 23 nonfatal myocardial infarctions, 13 reoperations and return of severe angina in 10 patients were considered late clinical events. Actuarial survival free of early or late clinical events was 77% at 5 years and 53% at 10 postoperative years. Testing of clinical, angiographic and operative variables for influence on survival and event-free survival showed that survival was decreased by multivessel disease and impaired left ventricular function; event-free survival was decreased by a family history of coronary disease and cigarette smoking. Both survival and event-free survival were decreased by diabetes and elevated serum cholesterol.
Postoperative cardiac catheterization (64 patients, mean postoperative interval 47 months) demonstrated that mammary artery graft patency (25 of 27, 93%) exceeded vein graft patency (49 of 88, 56%, p < 0.01). The atherogenic diatheses of young adults may compromise the operative result, whereas use of internal mammary artery grafts may enhance the palliation of bypass surgery.
- Received February 7, 1984.
- Revision received April 18, 1984.
- Accepted April 30, 1984.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation