Author + information
- Received January 23, 2002
- Revision received May 16, 2002
- Accepted June 24, 2002
- Published online November 6, 2002.
- Abdou Elhendy, MD, PhD*,
- Douglas W Mahoney, MSc†,
- Bijoy K Khandheria, MD, FACC*,
- Timothy E Paterick, MD*,
- Kelli N Burger, BSc† and
- Patricia A Pellikka, MD, FACC*,* ()
- ↵*Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Patricia A. Pellikka, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street Southwest, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.
Objectives Our aim was to determine whether location of wall motion abnormalities (WMAs) during exercise echocardiography provides independent prognostic value.
Background The effect of the location of WMAs during stress echocardiography on prognostic outcome is unknown.
Methods We studied 4,347 patients (mean age, 61 ± 12 years; 2,230 men) with known or suspected coronary artery disease by symptom-limited exercise echocardiography. An abnormal result was defined as resting or exercise-induced WMA. End points were cardiac death and nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI).
Results There were 133 cardiac events (54 cardiac deaths and 79 nonfatal MIs) during follow-up (median, three years). In a multiple-stepwise multivariate analysis model, clinical and exercise electrocardiography predictors of cardiac events were age, gender, hypertension, typical chest pain, previous MI, smoking, and resting ejection fraction. The percentage of ischemic segments at peak exercise provided additional information to the model (p = 0.0001). The presence of abnormalities in the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery distribution had an additional independent effect for the prediction of cardiac events (p = 0.001). Among patients with exercise echocardiographic abnormalities in a single vascular region, those with abnormalities in the left anterior descending coronary artery distribution had a higher event rate than patients with abnormalities elsewhere (3.2% vs. 2.1% at three years and 10.8% vs. 2.1% at five years; p = 0.009).
Conclusions Exercise WMAs in the distribution of the LAD coronary artery are associated with an increased risk of cardiac death and nonfatal MI. This risk is independent of the resting ejection fraction and the extent of WMAs during exercise.
- Received January 23, 2002.
- Revision received May 16, 2002.
- Accepted June 24, 2002.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation