Author + information
- Received September 13, 2002
- Revision received December 9, 2002
- Accepted February 6, 2003
- Published online May 21, 2003.
- ↵*Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Beata Wożakowska-Kapłon, Swietokrzyskie Centrum Kardiologii, ul. Grunwaldzka 45, 25-736 Kielce, Poland.
Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate left atrial mechanical function recovery and plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) release following successful cardioversion of persistent atrial fibrillation (AF).
Background Atrial fibrillation is characterized by functional deterioration, loss of atrial contraction, and elevation of plasma ANP levels. The response of ANP release toward atrial mechanical function after cardioversion of AF has not been fully examined.
Methods We examined 29 patients with successfully cardioverted persistent AF in whom sinus rhythm was maintained for at least 30 days after cardioversion. We assessed mechanical function of the left atrium at 24 h and 7 and 30 days after cardioversion and evaluated plasma ANP level at the same time. Atrial mechanical function was assessed during echocardiographic examination by means of the peak velocity of the transmitral A-wave, early transmitral to atrial flow velocity ratio, and atrial filling fraction (AFF). The plasma ANP level was determined by the radioimmunoassay method.
Results Plasma ANP levels were significantly reduced from 59.4 ± 16.6 pg/ml to 31.1 ± 9.2 pg/ml at 24 h after successful cardioversion. Within 30 days, we noted progressive improvement of atrial systolic function (increase in AFF from 21% to 31%, p < 0.05). At the same time, plasma ANP levels gradually increased from 31.1 ± 9.2 pg/ml at 24 h to 36.9 ± 12.8 pg/ml on day 30 following cardioversion (p < 0.05).
Conclusions Plasma ANP levels significantly decreased in patients with persistent AF after successful cardioversion. In the 30 days after cardioversion, gradual elevation of plasma ANP concentration was observed concomitantly with an increase of AFF. Plasma ANP release after successful cardioversion of persistent AF might be due to recovery of atrial mechanical function.
The abbreviated version of the manuscript has been presented in poster form (P403) during the Fourth Annual and Plenary Meeting of the Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology, on December 6 to 9, 2000, in Lisbon, Portugal.
- Received September 13, 2002.
- Revision received December 9, 2002.
- Accepted February 6, 2003.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation