Author + information
- Received July 2, 2004
- Revision received October 8, 2004
- Accepted November 22, 2004
- Published online March 15, 2005.
- Christopher C. Lang, MB, ChB,
- Vincenzo Santinelli, MD,
- Giuseppe Augello, MD,
- Amedeo Ferro, MD,
- Filippo Gugliotta, BEng,
- Simone Gulletta, MD,
- Gabriele Vicedomini, MD,
- Cézar Mesas, MD,
- Gabriele Paglino, MD,
- Simone Sala, MD,
- Nicoleta Sora, MD,
- Patrizio Mazzone, MD,
- Francesco Manguso, MD, PhD and
- Carlo Pappone, MD, PhD* ( )()
- ↵*Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Carlo Pappone, Department of Cardiology, San Raffaele University Hospital, Via Olgettina 60, 20132 Milan, Italy
Objectives Few data have been published on transcatheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with mitral valve prostheses. Thus, we sought to report our experience.
Background Ablation is an effective treatment for AF. Patients with prosthetic mitral valves represent a special group because of an increased risk from the ablation procedure due to the possibility of damage to the prosthetic valve.
Methods Between July 2001 and July 2003, 26 patients with mitral valve prostheses (MVP) underwent circumferential pulmonary vein ablation for AF. A matched group of 52 ablated patients without MVP acted as control subjects. After a blanking period of three months, a follow-up of 12 months was considered for MVP patients and controls. Holter recordings were performed in all subjects at 3, 6, and 12 months.
Results Radiation exposure was higher in the MVP group, with fluoroscopy times of 35.3 ± 21 min versus 20.9 ± 15 min in controls. At the end of follow-up, 73% of MVP patients were in sinus rhythm, compared with 75% of controls. Atrial tachycardia occurred in six (23%) MVP patients, requiring repeat ablation in three, and one (2%) control subject, which settled without treatment. One transient ischemic attack and one femoral pseudoaneurysm occurred in the MVP group. No complications occurred in the control group.
Conclusions Ablation of AF in patients with MVP is feasible, with outcomes similar to those of standard patients. Complications were higher among MVP patients with a greater radiation exposure and a higher incidence of post-ablation atrial tachycardia.
Drs. Lang and Mesas were Research Fellows at the Hospital University in Milan at the time of data collection.
- Received July 2, 2004.
- Revision received October 8, 2004.
- Accepted November 22, 2004.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation