Author + information
- Received September 23, 2004
- Revision received May 25, 2005
- Accepted June 7, 2005
- Published online October 4, 2005.
- Giuseppe Tarantini, MD, PhD⁎,⁎ (, )
- Luisa Cacciavillani, MD⁎,
- Francesco Corbetti, MD†,
- Angelo Ramondo, MD⁎,
- Martina Perazzolo Marra, MD⁎,
- Enrico Bacchiega, MD⁎,
- Massimo Napodano, MD⁎,
- Claudio Bilato, MD, PhD⁎,
- Renato Razzolini, MD⁎ and
- Sabino Iliceto, MD, FACC⁎
- ↵⁎Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Giuseppe Tarantini, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, and Vascular Sciences, Policlinico Universitario, Via Giustiniani, 2, 35128 Padova, Italy.
Objectives This study sought to assess the relationship between duration of ischemia and both myocardial transmural necrosis (TN) and severe microvascular obstruction (SMO), by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (CE-MR), in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated with angioplasty (PCI), and to estimate the risk of TN and SMO with the duration of ischemia.
Background The impact of ischemic time on myocardial and microvascular injury is not well characterized in people.
Methods We performed CE-MR in 77 patients with first AMI, 5 ± 3 days after successful PCI. The AMI was labeled as transmural if hyperenhancement at CE-MR was extended to ≥75% of the thickness in two or more ventricular segments. The SMO was identified as areas of late hypoenhancement surrounded by hyperenhanced tissue. The relationship between ischemic time and CE-MR evidence of SMO or TN was evaluated by logistic regression.
Results Thirteen patients were excluded because of preprocedural Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade 3 of the infarct-related artery. For the remaining 64 patients, the mean time to treatment was 190 ± 110 min, 45 (65%) patients had TN and 23 (39%) had SMO. Mean pain to balloon time was 90 ± 40 min, 110 ± 107 min, and 137 ± 97 min in patients without TN and SMO, with TN but without SMO, or with both TN and SMO, respectively (p = 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that time delay was significantly associated both with TN (odds ratio per 30 min, 1.37, p = 0.032), and SMO (odds ratio per 30 min, 1.21; p = 0.021).
Conclusions In AMI patients with impaired coronary perfusion undergoing PCI, the risk of TN and SMO increases with the duration of the ischemic time.
A grant was received from Boehringer Ingelheim.
- Received September 23, 2004.
- Revision received May 25, 2005.
- Accepted June 7, 2005.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation