Author + information
- Received April 5, 2006
- Revision received May 30, 2006
- Accepted June 6, 2006
- Published online October 3, 2006.
- Anthony A. Bavry, MD, MPH⁎,
- Dharam J. Kumbhani, MD, SM†,
- Andrew N. Rassi, MD‡,
- Deepak L. Bhatt, MD⁎ and
- Arman T. Askari, MD⁎,⁎ ()
- ↵⁎Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Arman T. Askari, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Desk F15, Cleveland, Ohio 44195.
Objectives This study sought to systematically determine whether early invasive therapy improves survival and reduces adverse cardiovascular events in the management of non–ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes.
Background Although early invasive therapy reduces recurrent unstable angina, the magnitude of benefit on other important adverse outcomes is unknown.
Methods Clinical trials that randomized non–ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome patients to early invasive therapy versus a more conservative approach were included for analysis.
Results In all there were 7 trials with 8,375 patients available for analysis. At a mean follow-up of 2 years, the incidence of all-cause mortality was 4.9% in the early invasive group, compared with 6.5% in the conservative group (risk ratio [RR] = 0.75, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.63 to 0.90, p = 0.001), and at 1 month (RR = 0.82, 95% CI 0.50 to 1.34, p = 0.43). At 2 years of follow-up, the incidence of nonfatal myocardial infarction was 7.6% in the invasive group, versus 9.1% in the conservative group (RR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.72 to 0.96, p = 0.012), and at 1 month (RR = 0.93, 95% CI 0.73 to 1.19, p = 0.57). At a mean of 13 months of follow-up, there was a reduction in rehospitalization for unstable angina (RR = 0.69, 95% CI 0.65 to 0.74, p < 0.0001).
Conclusions Managing non–ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes by early invasive therapy improves long-term survival and reduces late myocardial infarction and rehospitalization for unstable angina.
- Received April 5, 2006.
- Revision received May 30, 2006.
- Accepted June 6, 2006.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation