Author + information
- Received August 24, 2006
- Revision received December 6, 2006
- Accepted December 7, 2006
- Published online April 17, 2007.
- Heynric B. Grotenhuis, MD⁎,†,§,‖,
- Jaap Ottenkamp, MD†,§,‖,
- Jos J.M. Westenberg, PhD⁎,
- Jeroen J. Bax, MD‡,
- Lucia J.M. Kroft, MD⁎ and
- Albert de Roos, MD⁎,⁎ ()
- ⁎Department of Radiology, Center for Congenital Anomalies of the Heart, Leiden, the Netherlands
- †Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Center for Congenital Anomalies of the Heart, Leiden, the Netherlands
- ‡Department of Cardiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands
- §Emma Children’s Hospital/AMC, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
- ‖VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
- ↵⁎Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Albert de Roos, Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, C2-S, Albinusdreef 2, 2300 RC Leiden, the Netherlands.
Objectives This study sought to assess elasticity and dimensions of the aorta and their impact on aortic valve competence and left ventricular (LV) function in patients with a nonstenotic bicuspid aortic valve (BAV).
Background Intrinsic pathology of the aortic wall is a possible explanation for reduced aortic elasticity and aortic dilatation in patients with BAVs, even in the absence of a stenotic aortic valve. The relationship between aortic wall elasticity, aortic dimensions, aortic valve competence, and LV function in patients with BAVs has not previously been studied with magnetic resonance imaging.
Methods Magnetic resonance imaging was performed in 20 patients with nonstenotic BAVs (mean ± SD, age 27 ± 11 years) and 20 matched control patients.
Results The BAV patients showed reduced aortic elasticity as indicated by increased pulse wave velocity in the aortic arch and descending aorta (5.6 ± 1.3 m/s vs. 4.5 ± 1.1 m/s, p = 0.01; and 5.2 ± 1.8 m/s vs. 4.3 ± 0.9 m/s, p = 0.03, respectively), and reduced aortic root distensibility (3.1 ± 1.2 × 10−3mm Hg−1vs. 5.6 ± 3.2 × 10−3mm Hg−1, p < 0.01). In addition, BAV patients showed aortic root dilatation as compared with control patients (mean difference 3.6 to 4.2 mm, p ≤ 0.04 at all 4 predefined levels). Minor degrees of aortic regurgitation (AR) were present in 11 patients (AR fraction 6 ± 8% vs. 1 ± 1%, p < 0.01). The LV ejection fraction was normal (55 ± 8% vs. 56 ± 6%, p = 0.61), whereas LV mass was significantly increased in patients (54 ± 12 g/m2vs. 46 ± 12 g/m2, p = 0.04). Dilatation at the level of the aortic annulus (r = 0.45, p = 0.044) and reduced aortic root distensibility (r = 0.37, p = 0.041) correlated with AR fraction. Increased pulse wave velocity in the aortic arch correlated with increased LV mass (r = 0.42, p = 0.041).
Conclusions Reduced aortic elasticity and aortic root dilatation were frequently present in patients with nonstenotic BAVs. In addition, reduced aortic wall elasticity was associated with severity of AR and LV hypertrophy.
Christopher M. Kramer, MD, served as Guest Editor for this article.
- Received August 24, 2006.
- Revision received December 6, 2006.
- Accepted December 7, 2006.
- 2007 American College of Cardiology Foundation