Author + information
- Received January 23, 1984
- Revision received July 17, 1984
- Accepted July 25, 1984
- Published online January 1, 1985.
- David C.K. Hu, MD, FRCP(C)1,
- James B. Seward, MD, FACC*,1,
- Francisco J. Puga, MD, FACC1,
- Valentin Fuster, MD, FACC1 and
- Abdul J. Tajik, MD, FACC1
- ↵*Address for reprints: James B. Seward, MD, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, Minnesota 55905.
Whether total surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot in adults aged 40 years old or older has acceptable operative risk and gratifying long-term results is unknown. The Mayo Clinic experience (June 1960 to May 1982) with 30 patients 40 to 60 years old (mean 47) who had total surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot was reviewed. Preoperatively, 4 patients (13%) were in functional class I, 9 (30%) in class II and 17 (57%) in classes III and IV. Eight patients (27%) had had preoperative complications: five had a cerebrovascular accident and three had infective endocarditis. Only 11 patients (37%) had had palliative surgery 16 to 34 years (mean 22) before total surgical correction. Total surgical correction was successful in all patients. Right ventricular to left ventricular (RV/LV) pressure ratio of 0.65 or less was achieved in 28 (93%) of the 30 patients. One patient died of ventricular fibrillation (RV/LV ratio = 0.8) 2 days postoperatively, one had complete heart block and one had a cerebrovascular accident 7 days after operation.
At follow-up of 5 to 266 months (mean 110), there were seven late deaths: two sudden at 5 and 21 years, respectively, after operation, one from myocardial infarction at 11 years, one from cerebrovascular accident at 11 years, one from congestive heart failure (RV/LV ratio = 1.0) at 8 years and two from noncardiac causes. Of the 22 patients who survived, 16 are in class I, 5 are in class II and 1 is in class III. Total surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot can be recommended in patients 40 years old or older since the operative risk (3%) is acceptable and the long-term results are gratifying.
- Received January 23, 1984.
- Revision received July 17, 1984.
- Accepted July 25, 1984.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation