Author + information
- Received April 11, 1984
- Revision received July 3, 1984
- Accepted July 23, 1984
- Published online January 1, 1985.
- Anil Shah, MD1,
- Heinrich R. Schelbert, MD, FACC*,1,
- Markus Schwaiger, MD1,
- Eberhard Henze, MD1,
- Herbert Hansen, BA1,
- Carl Selin, MS1 and
- Sung-Cheng Huang, DSc1
- ↵*Address for reprints: Heinrich R. Scheibert, MD, Division of Nuclear Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90024.
N-13 ammonia mimics certain properties of microspheres. It rapidly clears from blood into myocardium where it becomes fixed in proportion to myocardial blood flow. Used with positron emission tomography as a means for quantifying in vivo myocardial indicator concentrations, N-13 ammonia may be useful for noninvasive determination of myocardial blood flow with the arterial reference sampling technique. This possibility was examined in 27 experiments in 10 chronically instrumented dogs at control, high and low blood flows. Myocardial blood flow was calculated in vivo from the myocardial N-13 tissue activity concentrations derived from serial cross-sectional images of the heart, the 2 minute arterial input function and the withdrawal rate of arterial blood. These calculations were compared with blood flow determined by the standard microsphere technique.
Blood flow determined in vivo with N-13 ammonia and positron emission tomography correlated with microsphere blood flow by y = −36.2 + 1.53x −0.0027X2 (r = 0.94 with a standard error of the estimate of 16 ml/min per 100 g). For flows from 44 to 200 ml/min per 100 g, the relation between in vivo and in vitro measured myocardial blood flow was nearly linear but reached a plateau at flows higher than 200 ml/min per 100 g. These results indicate that in dogs, blood flow in the physiologic range can be quantified in vivo with N-13 ammonia and positron emission tomography.
- Received April 11, 1984.
- Revision received July 3, 1984.
- Accepted July 23, 1984.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation