Author + information
- Received March 28, 1984
- Revision received October 30, 1984
- Accepted November 15, 1984
- Published online April 1, 1985.
- Werner Mohl, MD, PhD‡,*,
- Christian Punzengruber, MD*,1,
- Max Moser, PhD*,
- Thomas Kenner, MD*,
- Werner Heimisch, MSEE*,
- Roberto Haendchen, MD†,
- Samuel Meerbaum, PhD, FACC†,
- Gerald Maurer, MD, FACC† and
- Eliot Corday, MD, FACC†
- ↵‡Address for reprints: Werner Mohl, MD, 2. Chir. Univ. Klink, Spitalgasse 23, A 1090 Vienna, Austria.
Pressure-controlled intermittent coronary sinus occlusion has been reported to reduce infarct size in dogs with coronary artery occlusion, possibly because of increased ischemic zone perfusion and washout of toxic metabolites. The influence of this intervention on regional myocardial function was investigated in open and closed chest dogs. In six open chest dogs with severe stenosis of the left anterior descending coronary artery and subsequent total occlusion, a 10 minute application of intermittent coronary sinus occlusion increased ischemic myocardial segment shortening from 5.5 ± 1.2 to 8.2 ± 2.6% (NS) and from −0.1 ± 2.1 to 2.3 ± 1.2% (NS), respectively.
In eight closed chest anesthetized dogs, intermittent coronary sinus occlusion was applied for 2.5 hours between 30 minutes and 3 hours of intravascular balloon occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery. Standardized two-dimensional echocardio-graphic measurements of left ventricular function were performed to derive systolic sectional and segmental fractional area changes in five short-axis cross sections of the left ventricle. Fractional area change in all the severely ischemic segments (< 5% systolic wall thickening) was −4.0 ± 4.7% at 30 minutes after occlusion, and increased with subsequent 60 and 150 minutes of treatment to 13.1 ± 3.3 and 7.0 ± 3.3%, respectively (p < 0.05). At the most extensively involved low papillary muscle level of the ventricle, regional ischemic fractional area change was increased by intermittent coronary sinus occlusion between 30 and 180 minutes of coronary occlusion from −0.4 ± 0.1 to 14.4 ± 4% (p < 0.05), whereas a further deterioration was noted in untreated dogs with coronary occlusion.
Continuous arterial and coronary venous blood density measurements were performed in seven open chest dogs to determine the influence of pressure-controlled intermittent coronary sinus occlusion on ischemic myocardial washout. The arteriovenous density gradient was 0.16 ± 0.05 g/Iiter during coronary artery occlusion, and decreased to 0.05 ± 0.08 g/liter (p < 0.05) as a result of the intervention, suggesting a significant fluid washout from the myocardium. It is concluded that pressure-controlled intermittent coronary sinus occlusion provides recovery of cardiac function and that this benefit might be associated with enhanced ischemic zone washout.
- Received March 28, 1984.
- Revision received October 30, 1984.
- Accepted November 15, 1984.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation