Author + information
- Received February 21, 1984
- Revision received November 28, 1984
- Accepted December 12, 1984
- Published online May 1, 1985.
- Mario S. Verani, MD, FACC*,1,
- Francisco E. Tortoledo, MD1,
- John W. Batty, MD1 and
- Albert E. Raizner, MD, FACC1
- ↵*Address for reprints: Mario S. Verani, MD, Baylor College of Medicine, The Methodist Hospital, 6565 Fannin, F-905, Houston, Texas 77030.
The effects of coronary artery recanalization by intra-coronary administration of streptokinase on left ventricular function during acute myocardial infarction have received increasing attention in recent years. Although myocardial dysfunction is often more pronounced in the right ventricle than in the left ventricle in patients with acute inferior wall myocardial infarction, the effect of coronary artery recanalization on right ventricular dysfunction has not been previously addressed. Accordingly, in this investigation, 54 patients who participated in a prospective, controlled, randomized trial of recanalization during acute myocardial infarction were studied.
Among 30 patients with inferior wall infarction, 19 had right ventricular dysfunction on admission; 11 of these 19 had positive uptake of technetium-99m pyrophosphate in the right ventricle, indicative of right ven- tricular infarction. Patients with successful recanalization (n = 6) exhibited improved right ventricular ejection fraction from admission to day 10 (26 ± 7 to 39 ± 14%, p < 0.03). However, control patients (n = 6) and patients who did not undergo recanalization (n = 7) also exhibited improvement (20 ± 7 to 29 ± 11% [p < 0.02] and 30 ± 8 to 40 ± 6% [p < 0.03], respectively). Improvement in several other variables of right ventricular dysfunction evolved at an equal rate with the ejection fraction changes. Patients with or without right ventricular infarction improved similarly.
These data indicate that the right ventricular dysfunction commonly associated with inferior wall infarction is often transient, and improvement is the rule, irrespective of early recanalization of the “infarct vessel.”
- Received February 21, 1984.
- Revision received November 28, 1984.
- Accepted December 12, 1984.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation