Author + information
- Received August 2, 2007
- Revision received September 21, 2007
- Accepted October 22, 2007
- Published online March 11, 2008.
- Yoshihide Takahashi, MD⁎,⁎ (, )
- Mark D. O’Neill, MB, BCh, DPhil⁎,
- Mélèze Hocini, MD⁎,
- Rémi Dubois, PhD†,
- Seiichiro Matsuo, MD⁎,
- Sébastien Knecht, MD⁎,
- Srijoy Mahapatra, MD⁎,
- Kang-Teng Lim, MD⁎,
- Pierre Jaïs, MD⁎,
- Anders Jonsson, MD⁎,
- Frédéric Sacher, MD⁎,
- Prashanthan Sanders, MBBS, PhD⁎,
- Thomas Rostock, MD⁎,
- Pierre Bordachar, MD⁎,
- Jacques Clémenty, MD⁎,
- George J. Klein, MD⁎ and
- Michel Haïssaguerre, MD⁎
- ↵⁎Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Yoshihide Takahashi, Service de Rythmologie, Hôpital Cardiologique du Haut-Lévêque, Avenue de Magellan, 33604 Bordeaux-Pessac, France.
Objectives This study sought to determine the characteristics of atrial electrograms predictive of slowing or termination of atrial fibrillation (AF) during ablation of chronic AF.
Background There is growing recognition of a role for electrogram-based ablation.
Methods Forty consecutive patients (34 male, 59 ± 10 years) undergoing ablation for chronic AF persisting for a median of 12 months (range 1 to 84 months) were included. After pulmonary vein isolation and roof line ablation, electrogram-based ablation was performed in the left atrium and coronary sinus. Targeted electrograms were acquired in a 4-s window and characterized by: 1) percentage of continuous electrical activity; 2) bipolar voltage; 3) dominant frequency; 4) fractionation index; 5) mean absolute value of derivatives of electrograms; 6) local cycle length; and 7) presence of a temporal gradient of activation. Electrogram characteristics at favorable ablation regions, defined as those associated with slowing (a ≥6-ms increase in AF cycle length) or termination of AF were compared with those at unfavorable regions.
Results The AF was terminated by electrogram-based ablation in 29 patients (73%) after targeting a total of 171 regions. Ablation at 37 (22%) of these regions was followed by AF slowing, and at 29 (17%) by AF termination. The percentage of continuous electrical activity and the presence of a temporal gradient of activation were independent predictors of favorable ablation regions (p = 0.016 and p = 0.038, respectively). Other electrogram characteristics at favorable ablation regions were not significantly different from those at unfavorable ablation regions.
Conclusions Catheter ablation at sites displaying a greater percentage of continuous activity or a temporal activation gradient is associated with slowing or termination of chronic AF.
Dr. O’Neill is supported by a British Heart Foundation International Fellowship. Dr. Knecht is supported by the Belgian Funds for Cardiac Surgery. Dr. Jonsson is supported by the Swedish Society of Cardiology. Dr. Rostock is supported by the German Cardiac Society. Dr. Sanders is supported by the Neil Hamilton Fairley Fellowship from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia and the Ralph Reader Fellowship from the National Heart Foundation of Australia. Drs. Sanders, Jais, and Haissaguerre have served on the advisory boards of and received lecture fees from Biosense-Webster and Bard Electrophysiology. Dr. Hocini has received lecture fees from Biosense-Webster. Dr. Dubois has served on the advisory board of Biosense-Webster.
- Received August 2, 2007.
- Revision received September 21, 2007.
- Accepted October 22, 2007.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation