Author + information
- Received June 11, 2007
- Revision received August 9, 2007
- Accepted August 13, 2007
- Published online January 15, 2008.
- Masato Nishimura, MD, PhD⁎,⁎ (, )
- Kazumasa Tsukamoto, PhD‡,
- Naoyuki Hasebe, MD, PhD§,
- Nagara Tamaki, MD, PhD∥,
- Kenjiro Kikuchi, MD, PhD§,1 and
- Toshihiko Ono, MD†
- ↵⁎Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Masato Nishimura, Cardiovascular Division, Toujinkai Hospital, 83-1, Iga, Momoyama-cho, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto 612-8026, Japan.
Objectives The aim was to evaluate the potential of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to predict cardiac death in chronic hemodialysis patients using the iodinated fatty acid analogue iodine-123 (123I)–β-methyl iodophenyl-pentadecanoic acid (BMIPP).
Background We previously reported that BMIPP SPECT could detect asymptomatic coronary artery disease with high sensitivity in hemodialysis patients.
Methods We prospectively enrolled 375 asymptomatic hemodialysis patients who had undergone dual SPECT using 123I–BMIPP and 201thallium (Tl) chloride. Patients who had a clinical history of myocardial infarction and/or coronary revascularization were excluded from the study. Uptake on SPECT images was graded in 17 segments on a 5-point scale (0 normal, 4 absent) and assessed as summed BMIPP or Tl scores.
Results During a 3.6 ± 1.0-year follow-up, 57 patients who had undergone coronary revascularization within 60 days of SPECT were excluded from the analysis. Among the remaining 318 patients (male/female: 170/148; 64 ± 12 years of age), 50 died of cardiac events (acute myocardial infarction 22, congestive heart failure 17, cardiac sudden death 11). Stepwise Cox hazard analysis associated cardiac death with age (≥70 years) and with severely abnormal BMIPP SPECT images (BMIPP summed scores ≥12: hazard ratio 21.894; p < 0.0001). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the cardiac death-free survival rates at 3 years were 61% and 98% in patients with BMIPP summed scores of ≥12 and <12, respectively.
Conclusions Severely impaired myocardial fatty acid metabolism, which might mainly reflect repetitive myocardial ischemia, can identify a high-risk group of cardiac death among hemodialysis patients.
- Received June 11, 2007.
- Revision received August 9, 2007.
- Accepted August 13, 2007.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation