Author + information
- Received April 29, 2008
- Revision received July 15, 2008
- Accepted July 21, 2008
- Published online May 19, 2009.
- John G. Webb, MD* (, )
- Lukas Altwegg, MD,
- Jean-Bernard Masson, MD,
- Saad Al Bugami, MD,
- Abdullah Al Ali, MD and
- Robert A. Boone, MD
- ↵*Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. John G. Webb, McLeod Professor of Heart Valve Intervention, St. Paul's Hospital, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6Z 1Y6
Objectives We describe procedural and clinical outcomes in a high-risk cohort undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement with early next-generation transcatheter valve and delivery systems.
Background Percutaneous aortic valve replacement is gaining acceptance as a viable option in patients at high surgical risk. Broader application will require further advances in valve and delivery system technology.
Methods Transarterial aortic valve replacement was attempted in 25 patients (mean age 85 years) determined to be at high surgical risk due to comorbidities. A new delivery catheter system (RetroFlex 2, Edwards Lifesciences, Irving, California) was utilized in combination with either a balloon-expandable SAPIEN (Edwards Lifesciences) valve or a next-generation low-profile cobalt-chromium bovine pericardial SAPIEN XT (Edwards Lifesciences) valve.
Results Percutaneous valve replacement was successful in all 25 high-risk patients. Aortic valve area increased from 0.59 ± 0.15 cm2to 1.60 ± 0.27 cm2. In this high-risk cohort (Society of Thoracic Surgeons and logistic EuroSCORE estimates of surgical mortality were 8.9% and 21.0%, respectively), 30-day mortality was 0%.
Conclusions Technical and procedural advances in catheter systems and prosthetic valves designed for percutaneous aortic valve delivery may contribute to increased procedural success and improved clinical outcomes.
Dr. Webb is a consultant to Edwards Lifesciences Inc.
- Received April 29, 2008.
- Revision received July 15, 2008.
- Accepted July 21, 2008.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation