Author + information
- Received October 26, 2008
- Revision received February 18, 2009
- Accepted March 3, 2009
- Published online June 16, 2009.
- Talya Lavi, RD⁎,
- Avraham Karasik, MD⁎,‡,
- Nira Koren-Morag, PhD‡,
- Hannah Kanety, PhD⁎,‡,
- Micha S. Feinberg, MD†,‡ and
- Michael Shechter, MD, MA†,‡,⁎ ()
- ↵⁎Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Michael Shechter, Leviev Heart Center, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, 52621 Tel Hashomer, Israel
Objectives This study sought to explore the effect of glycemic-index dietary carbohydrates on endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in overweight and obese nondiabetic volunteers.
Background Post-prandial hyperglycemia has been recognized as a cardiovascular risk factor in both the diabetic and the general population. Endothelial dysfunction has been shown to occur in diabetic and hyperglycemic patients.
Methods We prospectively assessed brachial artery FMD in 56 healthy overweight and obese nondiabetic volunteers (38 [67.9%] men, mean age 48 ± 6 years) on 4 separate mornings, 1 to 2 weeks apart. After overnight fasting, the percent FMD (%FMD) improvement and endothelium-independent nitroglycerin-mediated dilation (%NTG) were assessed, after which subjects received 1 of 4 group meals at each visit (placebo [water] or a carbohydrate meal of glucose, cornflakes, or high-fiber cereal). Meals were distributed in a rotating randomized fashion, such that each subject received all 4 meals once throughout the study period.
Results Fasting and 2-h post-prandial serum glucose levels were similar in all 3 meals, whereas at 30 to 90 min, serum glucose levels were significantly higher after glucose and cornflakes (high glycemic) compared with fiber (low glycemic). Baseline %FMD, not significantly different in the 3 carbohydrate-based meals, was reduced 2 h post-prandially in all groups, showing statistical significance in only high-glycemic index meals: glucose (15 ± 9% vs. 10 ± 8%, p < 0.01), cornflakes (13 ± 7% vs. 9 ± 7%, p < 0.01). No correlation was observed between the %FMD reduction rate and glucose levels throughout the study period.
Conclusions High- compared with low-glycemic carbohydrate consumption significantly suppresses FMD in nondiabetic overweight and obese volunteers, suggesting a mechanism whereby high-glycemic meals may enhance cardiovascular risk.
Part of this study was presented as an abstract at the XXVI Congress of the European Society of Cardiology, Stockholm, Sweden, August 30, 2005.
- Received October 26, 2008.
- Revision received February 18, 2009.
- Accepted March 3, 2009.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation