Author + information
- Received January 23, 1985
- Revision received April 2, 1985
- Accepted April 11, 1985
- Published online September 1, 1985.
- ↵aAddress for reprints: Donald A. Weiner, MD, University Hospital, Department of Cardiology, 75 East Newton Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02118.
To determine the diagnostic accuracy of cardiokymography, recorded 2 to 3 minutes after exercise, 617 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization were evaluated from 12 participating centers using a standardized protocol. Adequate cardiokymographic tracings, which were obtained in 82 % of patients, were dependent on the skill of the operator and on certain patient characteristics. Of the 327 patients without prior myocardial infarction who had technically adequate cardiokymographic and electrocardiographic tracings, 166 (51%) had coronary disease. Both the sensitivity and specificity of cardiokymography (71 and 88%, respectively) were significantly greater than the values for the exercise electrocardiogram (61 and 76%, respectively, both p<0.01). Coronary artery disease and multivessel disease were present in 98 and 68%, respectively, of the 70 patients with concordantly positive cardiokymographic and electrocardiographic results, and in 15 and 5%, respectively, of the 132 patients with concordantly negative test results (p < 0.001).
Cardiokymography was most helpful in those patients in whom the posttest probability of coronary disease was between 21 and 72% after exercise electrocardiography. In these patients a concordantly positive cardiokymographic result increased the probability of coronary disease to between 67 and 100%, whereas a negative response decreased it to between 12 and 15%. In the subgroup of 102 patients undergoing concomitant exercise thallium testing, the sensitivity and specificity for the thallium scintigraphy (81 and 80%, respectively) were similar to the values for cardiokymography (72 and 84%, respectively; differences not significant). Thus, cardiokymography performed during exercise testing improves the diagnostic accuracy of the electrocardiographic response and provides an additional and cost-effective indicator of myocardial ischemia.
- Received January 23, 1985.
- Revision received April 2, 1985.
- Accepted April 11, 1985.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation