Author + information
- Received February 26, 1985
- Revision received April 30, 1985
- Accepted July 19, 1985
- Published online November 1, 1985.
- Arun K. Singh, MD, FACCa,
- Robert Rivera, RN,
- George N. Cooper Jr., MD and
- Karl E. Karlson, MD, FACC
- ↵aAddress for reprints: Arun K. Singh, MD, 110 Lockwood Street, Providence, Rhode Island 02903.
Within 30 days of acute myocardial infarction, 108 consecutive patients underwent urgent surgical myocardial revascularization for postinfarction angina between July 1976 and March 1983. There were 84 men and 24 women whose mean age was 59.6 ± 9.5 years (range 34 to 80). Group I (15 patients, 14%) underwent surgery within 48 hours, Group H (47 patients, 43%) between 3 and 7 days and Group III (46 patients, 43%) within 30 days. Fifty-nine patients (55%) had transmural infarction. The ejection fraction was less than 40% in 21 patients (19%). Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was 20 mm Hg or greater in 42 patients (39%). The incidence of single, double, triple vessel and 70% or greater left main coronary artery stenosis was 4, 20, 59 and 17%, respectively.
There were two deaths (1.8%) within 30 days of operation. The incidence of intraaortic balloon pumping was higher in patients operated on earlier after myocardial infarction (53% of Group I versus 22% of Group III). Statistically, there were no differences in the use of inotropic agents or the occurrence of arrhythmias or postoperative myocardial infarction in the three groups. Late follow-up (mean 35 months, range 18 to 98) is complete for all patients (100%). There were four late myocardial infarctions and eight deaths. Actuarial survival was 87% at 5 years. Seventy-three percent of the 108 patients were free of angina and the condition of 14% improved.
These results indicate that myocardial revascularization in the first 30 days after myocardial infarction can be accomplished with morbidity and mortality rates similar to those of an elective operation for chronic angina refractory to medical management.
- Received February 26, 1985.
- Revision received April 30, 1985.
- Accepted July 19, 1985.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation