|Men With Baseline Smoking Data (N = 28,236)||Men With Continuing Smoking Data (N = 5,785)|
|N (Alive/Died)||HR⁎ (95% CI)||N (Alive/Died)||HR⁎ (95% CI)|
|Nonsmoker||9,419/8,564||1.00 (ref)||2,782/734||1.00 (ref)|
|Cigarette smoker||5,113/5,140||1.30 (1.26–1.35)||1,767/502||1.36 (1.21–1.52)|
|Continuing nonsmoker||2,782/734||1.00 (ref)|
|Continuing smoker||190/63||2.11 (1.63–2.74)|
|Quit during follow-up||1,577/439||1.29 (1.15–1.46)|
|Cigarette smoker||8,287/1,966||1.20 (1.14–1.27)|
|Cigarette smoker||9,562/691||1.91 (1.72–2.12)|
|Cigarette smoker||9,617/636||1.10 (1.00–1.21)|
CI = confidence interval; CVD = cardiovascular disease; HR = hazard ratio.
↵⁎ Adjusted for age at baseline examination and year of baseline examination; additional adjustments for height, body mass index, blood pressure, exercise, alcohol at baseline, and socioeconomic status in 1988 had little impact on these associations.
↵† Based on smoking at: 1) baseline, 2) 1962/1966, 3) 1977, and 4) 1988.
↵‡ There were too few deaths to explore associations with continuing smoking habits for this cause.
↵§ Cancers considered to be related to smoking were lung, oral cavity, nasopharynx, oropharynx, hypopharynx, nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, larynx, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, liver, kidney (body and pelvis), ureter, urinary bladder, uterine cervix, and myeloid leukemia; all other cancers were considered not to be related to smoking.