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To compare the clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome in patients hospitalized following Out Of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) according to gender.
Retrospective analysis of a registry of patients hospitalized with OHCA over a 20-year period (1991–2010) in Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
Out of 987 patients admitted with OHCA, 269 patients were female (27.3%). Compared to males, females were older (61 + 14 vs. 55 + 15 years; p = 0.001), more likely to have diabetes (62.1% vs. 35.5%; p = 0.001), hypertension (63.9% vs. 34.7%; p = 0.001), chronic renal failure (12.3% vs. 5.6%; p = 0.001) and BMI > 30 (41.2% vs. 23.9%; p = 0.02) and less likely to be smokers (1.9% vs. 26.6%; p =0.001). Compared to males, the females were less likely to have preceding symptoms such as angina (17.8% vs. 30.6%; p = 0.001) and dyspnoea (36.4% vs. 20.5%; p = 0.001). There was no significant difference in the LV ejection fraction (35±13 vs. 34.5±13; p = 0.81) between males and females. The incidence of STEMI among patients with OHCA was less in females in comparison to males (13.8% vs. 36.1%; p = 0.001). In hospital mortality was higher in the female group (65.4% vs. 57.7%; p = 0.03)
There are significant differences in clinical characteristics and outcome in patients admitted with OHCA between male and female patients in our database registry.
Poster Sessions, Expo North
Saturday, March 09, 2013, 10:00 a.m.-10:45 a.m.
Session Title: MI Complications: Shock, Arrest and Cardiac Rupture
Abstract Category: 1. Acute Coronary Syndromes: Clinical
Presentation Number: 1126-173
- 2013 American College of Cardiology Foundation