Author + information
- George A. Mensah,
- Mohammad H. Forouzanfar,
- Mohsen Naghavi,
- Rafael Lozano,
- Majid Ezzati,
- Andrew Moran,
- Valery Feigin,
- Theo Vos and
- Christopher J.L. Murray
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are leading causes of death worldwide. However, comparable estimates of global and regional mortality and recent trends are not readily available.
We assessed deaths from CVDs, including congenital heart disease (CoHD), by age and sex at the global level in 21 world regions in 1990 and 2010. We used a Cause of Death Ensemble model with 95% uncertainty intervals around model performance as published for the GBD 2010 Study. Age-sex groups, world regions, and “developed” or “developing” country status were based on the GBD 2010 Study.
In 2010, CVDs accounted for 15.8 million deaths, nearly one in three global deaths, compared to one in four in 1990. Ischemic heart disease and stroke collectively caused 12.9 million deaths in 2010. CoHD caused 233,000 deaths in 2010 and was the leading cause of CVD deaths in children under age 15 years. From 1990 to 2010, global CVD deaths increased 29.5%, mostly due to population growth and ageing; age-standardized mortality rates declined. Most declines in CVD deaths were seen in Central & Western Europe, Southern Latin America, North America High Income and Australasia. Most increases in CVD deaths occurred in developing countries (Figure).
CVDs remain leading causes of global deaths. Most CVD deaths and increasing trends now occur in developing countries. These data can help inform global and regional strategies for CVD prevention and control, especially in developing countries.
Poster Sessions, Expo North
Sunday, March 10, 2013, 9:45 a.m.-10:30 a.m.
Session Title: Prevention: Cardiovascular Risk around the Globe
Abstract Category: 24. Prevention: Clinical
Presentation Number: 1187-15
- 2013 American College of Cardiology Foundation