Author + information
- Andrew Edward Moran,
- Mohammad H. Forouzanfar,
- Abraham D. Flaxman,
- Gregory Roth,
- George Mensah,
- Majid Ezzati,
- Mohsen Naghavi and
- Christopher JL Murray
Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. The Global Burden of Diseases, Risk Factors and Injuries (GBD) Study estimated global and regional IHD mortality from 1980 to 2010.
Sources for IHD mortality estimates were country-level surveillance, verbal autopsy, and vital registration data. Regional demographic, metabolic and nutritional risk factor and income level covariates were estimated from surveys and a systematic review. An estimation and validation process led to an ensemble model of IHD mortality for 21 world regions, adjusted using country-level covariates.
Eastern Europe and Central Asia had the highest IHD death rates and the Asia Pacific High-Income, East Asia, Latin American Andean, and sub-Saharan Africa regions the lowest (Figure). High income regions–especially Australasia and Western Europe–have had a remarkable decline in the IHD risk since the 1980's. The former Soviet Union countries and South Asia experienced a sharp increase in 1990's and attenuation in this adverse trend after 2000. Sub-Saharan Africa West and Central, Oceania and East Asia regions had slight increases in IHD death rates after 2000.
Age standardized IHD mortality declined in most world regions since 1980, particularly in high-income regions. Increased age-standardized IHD death rates in Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and South Asia point to a need for IHD prevention and research into underlying causes in those regions.
Poster Sessions, Expo North
Sunday, March 10, 2013, 9:45 a.m.-10:30 a.m.
Session Title: Prevention: Cardiovascular Risk around the Globe
Abstract Category: 24. Prevention: Clinical
Presentation Number: 1187-16
- 2013 American College of Cardiology Foundation