Author + information
- Harvey S. Hecht,
- David Yankelewitz,
- Claudia Henschke,
- Rowena Yip,
- Paolo Boffetta,
- Shemesh Shemesh,
- Matthew Cham and
- Jagat Narula
Secondhand tobacco smoke exposure (SHTSE) has been linked to coronary artery calcium (CAC) in a single nonquantitative study. The purpose of this report is to assess the relationship of the extent of CAC to the extent of SHTSE in asymptomatic never smokers.
3,098 never smokers, aged 40-80, in the computed tomography Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute-International Early Lung Cancer Action Program completed a a low-dose nongated scan and SHTS questionnaire that provided child, adult and total SHTSE scores with 4 categories: minimal, low, moderate, and high. CAC was graded by a previously validated ordinal scale score ranging from 0 to 12. Multivariate analysis assessed the independent contribution of SHTS to CAC, adjusted for risk factors.
The prevalence of CAC was 24%; both prevalence and extent of CAC were significantly higher with more than minimal compared to minimal SHTSE (prevalence: 26% vs. 19%, P < 0.0001). The adjusted odds ratios for CAC prevalence for SHTSE levels and standard risk factors are shown in the Table. The SHTSE score itself was also a significant (P < 0.0001). independent predictor of the prevalence of CAC. Adult exposure was more significant than child exposure.
1) There is a very significant and independent dose response relationship of SHTSE to CAC in never smokers. 2) The SHTSE odds ratios were higher than for all risk factors except male gender and age. 3) In addition to active smoking, SHTSE should be considered a risk factor.
|Age (per10 years)||1.09||(1.08, 1.10)||<.0001|
West, Room 3004
Sunday, March 10, 2013, 11:45 a.m.-Noon
Session Title: Prevention: Clinical and Subclinical Cardiovascular Disease – Predicting Risk in 2013
Abstract Category: 24. Prevention: Clinical
Presentation Number: 928-7
- 2013 American College of Cardiology Foundation