Author + information
- Muhammed Bora Demirçelik1,
- Derya Yigit3,
- Esra Sentepe3,
- Mevlude Keklık3,
- Mustafa Cetın2,
- Zehra Cetın2 and
- Beyhan Eryonucu1
There are negative effects of depression and anxiety in patients with heart disease.We aimed reducing depression and anxiety associated with hospital by multimedia nursing education.We investigated these positive effects of heart disease prognosis.
After approval by the ethics committee started work. The working group consecutive were selected from patients in coronary intensive care unit in Turgut Ozal Medical University Hospital and Ankara Numune Education and ResearchHospital.Patients who are hospitalized in intensive care for any reason or operated. A total of 100 patients were included. The control and experimental groups were selected at random. HAD (Hospital Anxiety and Depression) questionnaire was administered to patients in intensive care unıt. HAD questionnaire was repeated after one week giving multimedia nursing education. Data were evaluated with SPSS 20.0 program. The experimental and the control group HAD scores were compared with student-t and chi-square tests.
50-patients were randomly assigned to experimental and control group randomly. In our study, 64 of 100 patients (64%) were males and 36 (36%) were female. The mean age was 59±13 in study group. Demographic characteristics did not differ significantly between the experimental and control groups. The control group had no significant difference between the HAD scores before and after intensive care. HADS scores were significantly lower in the experimental group before and after intensive care. (6.1±0.7; 1.9±0.2, p<0.01) HAD scores decreased rate between the experimental and control groups were significant before and after intensive care. (3.5±0.58; 1.16±0.42, p<0.01) Depression and / or anxiety, no significant relationship was found between gender, age, education level, marital status, diabetes. Had scores in control and experimental groups were significant difference between only in smokers. (p<0.05)
Anxiety and depression associated with hospital are effects that increasing morbidity and mortality in patients with heart diseases. Multimedia nursing education is a new concept, is known to have little effect on reducing anxiety and depression. This study showed that anxiety and depression associated with hospital can be reduced with multimedia nursing education.