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Nursing process allows to provide nursing care with systematic method for the solution of the problem of an individual's health. In this study, effectiveness and use of Turkish Society of Cardiology Nursing Care Guidelines in Heart Failure, Acute Coronary Syndromes Hypertension, Percutaneous Coronary and Valvular Interventions which prepared on the basis of the nursing process by nurses working in the field of cardiology were investigated.
Study was carried out by 705 nurses who volunteered to participate in the study, at least one year working in cardiology clinics in the 45 state and university hospitals in Turkey. The data were collected with general information form and a questionnaire containing 23 questions related to the use of the guidelines. Forms were sent to charge nurses by postal service. Filled forms by the nurses were back collected with postal service. Ethics committee approval and permission of the institutions were gotten in order to study. Frequency distribution was used for the evaluation of data.
91.2% of the nurses participating in the study were female, 51.6% between the ages of 31 to 40, 53.9% graduate degree, 56.2% percent working in the coronary care unit, 61.4% of the cardiology working period between 1-5 years. 279 (39.6%) nurses have knowledge about the Heart Failure Nursing Care Guide, and 220 (31.2%) nurses uses guideline. 59.1 - 69.5 % nurses who use the guideline find very much useful in phases of the nursing process such as patient identification, determine nursing diagnosis - cause of the problem and creating nursing report. 274 (38.9%) nurses have knowledge about the Acute Coronary Syndromes Nursing Care Guide and 219 (31.1%) nurses uses the guideline. 57.1 - 66.7 % nurses who using the guideline find very much useful in phases of the nursing process. 271 (38.4%) nurses have knowledge about the Hypertension Nursing Care Guide and 213 (30.2%) nurses uses guideline. 61.5 - 65.3% nurses who using the guideline find very much useful in phases of the nursing process. 216 (30.6%) nurses have knowledge about the Percutaneous Coronary and Valvular Interventions Nursing Care Guide and 149 (21.1%) nurses uses guideline. 56 - 61.9 % nurses who using the guideline find very much useful in phases of the nursing process.
Available nursing care guidelines were not well known by nurses. Nurses who have information about guidelines use and significantly benefit from these guidelines in clinical practice. The guidelines published is a national of guideline for nurses working in the field of cardiology. Effective use of the guidelines will provide an important contribution to the results of patient care. Nurses follow to publications especially in the areas of their work for the professional development and also the organization's policies should be improved to support the professional development.