Author + information
- Fahir Barakovic1,
- Munevera Becarevic2,
- Farid Ljuca3,
- Olivera Batic Mujanovic4,
- Azijada Beganlic4 and
- Ajsa Tulumovic4
A connection between cardiovascular diseases and metabolic syndrome with depression has been proven. The goal of the research is to determine the prevalence of depression in coalmine pit miners in Banovici, presence and grouping of cardiovascular risk factors in depressed miners, and the impact of depression on overall cardiovascular risk.
The study has been conducted on 492 workers at the mine pit. For each of them the score for depression has been determined according to the Beck's scale, and the blood pressure has been measured, as well as BMI, waist, total cholesterol, HDL and LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, blood sugar; and smoking status has been determined. The metabolic syndrome has been defined according to the criteria of the National Educational program about cholesterol - the third panel on the treatment of adults (NCEP ATP III). According to SCORE scoring system, the overall 10-year cardiovascular risk on the respondents has been determined.
Out of 492 respondents 34.34% of them have depression. All measured risk factors other than waist size are more common among depressed miners. There was a statistically significant difference in age (p=0.003), smoking status (p=0.02) and the value of blood pressure (p=0.0001) in depressed miners. Metabolic syndrome was present in 44.97% of depressed miners in whom there was a greater overall cardiovascular risk (4 (0-20), p=0,0001. Among respondents, in the groups with and without depression, most of them have combined 5 risk factors, but among depressed individuals 21.3% of them have 6, and 11.83% of them have 7 risk factors, while in the group without depression 14,86% is with 6 factors and 6,19% with 7 risk factors.
There is a high prevalence of developing depression with emphasized tendency of grouping of risk factors, a higher presence of the metabolic syndrome and higher total cardiovascular risk among depressed miners.