Author + information
- Received March 4, 2014
- Revision received March 18, 2014
- Accepted March 19, 2014
- Published online June 17, 2014.
- Nadia Bandstein, MD∗,†,
- Rickard Ljung, MD, PhD‡,
- Magnus Johansson, MD, PhD∗ and
- Martin J. Holzmann, MD, PhD∗,†∗ ()
- ∗Department of Emergency Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden
- †Department of Internal Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
- ‡Unit of Epidemiology, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
- ↵∗Reprints and correspondence:
Dr. Martin J. Holzmann, Department of Emergency Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, 14184, Stockholm, Sweden.
Objectives This study sought to evaluate if an undetectable (<5 ng/l) high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) level and an electrocardiogram (ECG) without signs of ischemia can rule out myocardial infarction (MI) in the emergency department (ED).
Background Chest pain is a common symptom often associated with benign conditions, but may be a sign of MI. Because there is no rapid way to rule out MI, many patients are admitted to the hospital.
Methods All patients who sought medical attention for chest pain and had at least 1 hs-cTnT analyzed during 2 years at the Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, were included. We calculated the negative predictive values of an undetectable hs-cTnT and ECG without ischemia for MI and death within 30 days.
Results We included 14,636 patients, of whom 8,907 (61%) had an initial hs-cTnT of <5 ng/l; 21% had 5 to 14 ng/l, and 18% had >14 ng/l. During 30-day follow-up, 39 (0.44%) patients with undetectable hs-cTnT had a MI, of whom 15 (0.17%) had no ischemic ECG changes. The negative predictive value for MI within 30 days in patients with undetectable hs-cTnT and no ischemic ECG changes was 99.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 99.7 to 99.9). The negative predictive value for death was 100% (95% CI: 99.9 to 100).
Conclusions All patients with chest pain who have an initial hs-cTnT level of <5 ng/l and no signs of ischemia on an ECG have a minimal risk of MI or death within 30 days, and can be safely discharged directly from the ED.
The authors have reported that they have no relevant relationships to the contents of this paper to disclose.
- Received March 4, 2014.
- Revision received March 18, 2014.
- Accepted March 19, 2014.
- 2014 American College of Cardiology Foundation