|Recommended Food Score|
|Quintiles 1–4||Quintile 5|
|Mean age, yrs||59||57|
|Family history of myocardial infarction||16||15|
|Walking/bicycling for ≥40 min/day and exercising for ≥1 h/week||29||32|
|Mean waist circumference, cm||95||94|
|Mean alcohol consumption, g/day||13||14|
|Dietary factors, mean|
|Mean non-Recommended Food Score‡||15||17|
|Mean energy intake, kcal/day||2,700||2,900|
|Food intake/day, mean servings|
Values are % unless otherwise indicated.
↵∗ The Recommended Food Scores included foods with a beneficial effect on cardiovascular health. A score of 1, adding up to a maximum of 25, was assigned for regular consumption of fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, reduced-fat dairy products, whole grains, and fish.
↵† Never smokers and those who quit smoking ≥20 years ago were classified as nonsmokers.
↵‡ The non-Recommended Food Score included red and processed meat, fried potatoes, solid fats, full-fat cheese, white bread, refined cereals, and various sweet foods. Each of these foods with a regularly consumed frequency was assigned a food score of 1, adding up to a maximum of 21.