Cholesterol-Overloaded HDL-P and Atherosclerosis: Relative Risk for Carotid Plaque Progression Among Subgroups Defined by Levels of HDL-P Number and HDL-C
Data were compared between participants with high HDL-P and high HDL-C and the others, after adjusting for age, sex, smoking, diabetes, body mass index, systolic blood pressure (SBP), low-density lipoprotein particle, triglyceride, HDL-P size, and 5-year changes in SBP, total cholesterol, HDL-C, and fasting blood glucose. HDL-C level was categorized as <1.04 (low), 1.04 to 1.29, ≥1.30 (high) mmol/l, and HDL-P number as <28.0 (low), 28.0 to 31.9, ≥32.0 (high) μmol/l. **Risk estimates were calculated in each subgroup using the subgroup with both highest level of HDL-C and HDL-P number as a reference. p < 0.01. HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL-P = high-density lipoprotein particle.