Author + information
- Received June 3, 2014
- Revision received December 7, 2014
- Accepted December 12, 2014
- Published online March 10, 2015.
- Giulio Conte, MD∗∗ (, )
- Juan Sieira, MD∗,
- Giuseppe Ciconte, MD∗,
- Carlo de Asmundis, MD∗,
- Gian-Battista Chierchia, MD∗,
- Giannis Baltogiannis, MD∗,
- Giacomo Di Giovanni, MD∗,
- Mark La Meir, MD†,
- Francis Wellens, MD†,
- Jens Czapla, MD†,
- Kristel Wauters, MD∗,
- Moises Levinstein, MD∗,
- Yukio Saitoh, MD∗,
- Ghazala Irfan, MD∗,
- Justo Julià, MD∗,
- Gudrun Pappaert, RN∗ and
- Pedro Brugada, MD∗
- ∗Heart Rhythm Management Centre UZ Brussel-VUB, Brussels, Belgium
- †Cardiac Surgery Department, UZ Brussel-VUB, Brussels, Belgium
- ↵∗Reprint requsts and correspondence:
Dr. Giulio Conte, Heart Rhythm Management Centre, UZ Brussel-VUB, Laarbeeklaan 101, 1090 Brussels, Belgium.
Background Patients with Brugada syndrome and aborted sudden cardiac death or syncope have higher risks for ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) and should undergo implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) placement. Device-based management of asymptomatic patients is controversial. ICD therapy is associated with high rates of inappropriate shocks and device-related complications.
Objectives The objective of this study was to investigate clinical features, management, and long-term follow-up of ICD therapy in patients with Brugada syndrome.
Methods Patients presenting with spontaneous or drug-induced Brugada type 1 electrocardiographic findings, who underwent ICD implantation and continuous follow-up at a single institution, were eligible for this study.
Results A total of 176 consecutive patients were included. During a mean follow-up period of 83.8 ± 57.3 months, spontaneous sustained VAs occurred in 30 patients (17%). Eight patients (4.5%) died. Appropriate ICD shocks occurred in 28 patients (15.9%), and 33 patients (18.7%) had inappropriate shocks. Electrical storm occurred in 4 subjects (2.3%). Twenty-eight patients (15.9%) experienced device-related complications. In multivariate Cox regression analysis, aborted sudden cardiac death and VA inducibility on electrophysiologic studies were independent predictors of appropriate shock occurrence.
Conclusions ICD therapy was an effective strategy in Brugada syndrome, treating potentially lethal arrhythmias in 17% of patients during long-term follow-up. Appropriate shocks were significantly associated with the presence of aborted sudden cardiac death but also occurred in 13% of asymptomatic patients. Risk stratification by electrophysiologic study may identify asymptomatic patients at risk for arrhythmic events and could be helpful in investigating syncope not related to VAs. ICD placement is frequently associated with device-related complications, and rates of inappropriate shocks remain high regardless of careful device programming.
Dr. Brugada has received research grants from Biotronik, Medtronic, St. Jude Medical, and Sorin. All other authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose. Drs. Conte and Sieira contributed equally to this work.
- Received June 3, 2014.
- Revision received December 7, 2014.
- Accepted December 12, 2014.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation