|Secondary Causes||Elevated LDL-C||Elevated Triglycerides|
|Diet||Saturated or trans fats, weight gain, anorexia nervosa||Weight gain, very-low-fat diets, high intake of refined carbohydrates, excessive alcohol intake|
|Drugs||Diuretics, cyclosporines, glucocorticoids, amiodarone||Oral estrogens, glucocorticoids, bile acid sequestrants, retinoic acid, anabolic steroids, sirolimus, raloxifene, tamoxifen, beta-blockers (not carvedilol), thiazides|
|Diseases||Biliary obstruction, nephrotic syndrome||Nephrotic syndrome, chronic renal failure, lipodystrophies|
|Disorders and altered states of metabolism||Hypothyroidism, obesity, pregnancy||Diabetes (uncontrolled) hypothyroidism, obesity, pregnancy|
Adapted with permission from Stone et al. (1)
LDL-C = low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.