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The morphologic properties of carotid artery was analyzed in kidney transplant recipients (KTR) by ultrasonic frequency tracking, and the related risk factors were preliminarily evaluated.
Thirty-one patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) supported by hemodialysis, 31 KTR and 84 control subjects had the ultrasound of carotid artery. The carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and diameter (CCAD) of right carotid arteries were measured by ultrasonic frequency tracking. The independent factors influencing the CIMT and CCAD were analyzed by multiple linear regression analysis.
① Compared with ESRD group, KTR group and control group had significantly lower CIMT, and there was no marked difference between two groups. ② Compared with KTR group and control group, ESRD group had significantly wider CCAD, and there was no significant difference between KTR group and control group. ③ In multiple regressions showed the development of CIMT and CCAD were associated with age, weight, SBP and some hemodynamic parameters, respectively. They were independent factors influencing CIMT and CCAD.
After successful kidney transplantation, the morphologic properties of carotid artery resumes a normal. Only age, weight, SBP and some hemodynamic parameters contribute to the vascular altered.