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It is predicted that 44/8% of deaths in 2030 from cardiovascular disease will be in Iran; Coronary artery bypass surgery is one of the most common surgical procedures for the treatment of heart disease that can improve cardiovascular symptoms, improve performance, reduce mortality and improve quality of life for patients. The aim of the present study was to determine the quality of life and factors related to it in cardiovascular patients after heart surgery.
This study was a descriptive cross-sectional one in which. 230 cardiovascular patients from Shiraz City hospitals randomly participated after heart surgery. The necessary data was collected through interview and SF-36 quality of life questionnaire, patients self-report, and referring to their own hospital records. The obtained data was analyzed by means of kolmogrov smirnov test, ANOVA and Duncan test, using SPSS software (V: 19) and P-value was taken as the significant level.
Mean age of the subjects was 58.11±8.24 years and their mean quality of life was 51.21±8.32. There was a statistically significant relationship between quality of life and variables such as age (P<0.001), education level (P<0.001), occupation (P=0.004), marital status (P=0.003), duration of disease (P<0.001), number of hospitalization times (P<0.001), and gender and income level.
Quality of life following heart surgery has a relationship with factors such as education level and duration of the disease. Thus, these factors must emphatically be taken into account.