Author + information
- Valery Gafarov,
- Elena Gromova,
- Dmitriy Panov,
- Igor Gagulin,
- Almira Gafarova and
- Olga Esipenko
To determine gender differences the prevalence of personal anxiety (PA) in the population and to evaluate its impact on the risk of hypertension in men and women aged 25-64 years in the open population in Russia/Siberia.
As part of a screening program III WHO “MONICA-psychosocial” surveyed a random representative sample of the population aged 25-64 in Novosibirsk in 1994 (n = 657 men, n = 870 women). The program included: registration of socio - demographic data, the definition of PA. Over the 16-year period were identified 229 cases of AH in women and 46 for men. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software package version 11.5. Used: the criterion of “chi-square” χ2 Pearson to assess Hazard ratio - Cox-regression. The accuracy of the adopted p≤0.05.
In the open population aged 25-64 years at 99.5% of women and 97.5% of men was PA. In univariate Cox regression analysis model after 5 years from the start of the study the risk of developing arterial hypertension in women and men with HLA (high level of anxiety) was 2.383 and 5.18 times, in 10 years in the 1.853 and 5.75 times, after 16 years in 1.45 and 3.82 times higher. In the multivariate Cox regression model, the effect of HLA in women the risk of hypertension was 1,648; and 4,568 in men.
Despite the higher prevalence of HLA among women, the risk of developing hypertension is much higher among men.