Author + information
- Majid Karandish,
- Maryam Hosseinpour,
- Homeira Rashidi,
- Seyed Mahmoud Latifi and
- Armaghan Moravej Aleali
Overweight and obesity are among the risk factors of a few of current prevalent chronic diseases, but recently, it has been shown that some people with normal weight have metabolic abnormalities. Metabolically obese normal-weight (MONW) is characterized by normal body mass index (BMI) with metabolic disorders such as hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and/or hypertension. Published studies about MONW among children and adolescents are very limited. The aim of present study was to determine the prevalence of MONW and components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children and adolescents in Ahvaz, Iran.
This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1124 boys and 1128 girls, aged 10-18 years, in Ahvaz, Iran. Participants were selected randomly from 6 health centers by a multistage cluster random sampling method. The MetS was defined according to the criteria suggested by Adult Treatment Panel III, modified for children and adolescents. MONW was defined as BMI lower than +1 Standard Deviation accompanied by components of MetS. Anthropometric measurements and blood pressure (BP) were measured according to standard protocols. Fasting blood samples were collected for biochemical assays.
The prevalence of MetS in normal weight group was 3.94% that was significantly higher in boys (5.4%) compared with girls (1.45%) (p=0.001). Percent of abnormality of TG (91%) and HDL (67.2%) were higher than other components of MetS.
Since weight and body mass index is normal in MONW children and adolescents? the continuous evaluations and treatment of abnormal components of MetS especially in boys is important from a public health point of view.