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Risk burdens of modifiable risk factors incorporating lipoprotein (a) (Lp (a)) and low serum albumin (LSA) concentrations for first incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI) haven't been studied simultaneously in Chinese Han ethnic population.
Cross-sectional study of 1552 cases and 6125 controls was performed for identifying the association of risk factors with first incident AMI and their corresponding population attributable risks (PAR).
Modifiable risk factors incorporating LSA and Lp (a) accounted for up to 92% of PAR for first incident AMI. Effects of these risk factors were different in different sexes across different age categories. Overall, smoking and LSA were the 2 strongest risk factors, together accounting for 64% of PAR for first incident AMI. After multivariable adjustment, Lp(a) and LSA accounted for 19% and 41%, respectively, and together for more than a half (54%) of PAR for first incident AMI.
Modifiable risk factors incorporating LSA and Lp (a) have accounted for an overwhelming large proportion of the risk of first incident AMI, indicating most first incident AMI is preventable. The knowledge of risk burdens for first incident AMI incorporating Lp (a) and LSA may further reduce first incident AMI in Chinese from a new angle.