Author + information
- Dilare Adi,
- Fen Liu,
- Xiang Xie,
- Yun Wu,
- yitong ma and
- yining yang
Little is known about Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its influencing factors among different ethnicity groups. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for MS among the major ethnicity population i.e. Han, Uygur and Kazakh in Xinjiang, northwestern part of China.
In total, 14,618 adult participants (7,799 males, 6,819 females) were recruited from the Cardiovascular Risk Survey conducted during 2007 and 2010. Blood pressure, body mass index and standard lipid profile and fasting glucose level from plasma were measured.
The overall age-standardized prevalence of MS was 35.05% in the Han, 31.9% in the Uygur and 30.4% in the Kazakh populations based on definitions of revised NCEP ATPIII criteria, respectively. When stratified by gender, MS prevalence was 41.9% in men and, 39.5% in women (P<0.001) based on definitions of revised NCEP ATPIII criteria, respectively. The prevalence of MS also varied significantly with age and it was highest in those over 75 yrs old (51.6%) and lowest aged 35-44 yrs old (21.8% P<0.001) based on definitions of revised NCEP ATPIII criteria, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that over 65 yrs old (OR=3.271, 95%CI: 2.681-3.990), overweight (OR=3.368, 95%CI: 2.866-3.959) or obesity (OR=5.926, 95%CI: 5.007-7.014) anddrinking (OR=1.445, 95%CI: 1.109-1.884) were significantly associated with a higher prevalence of MS. Identified risk factors for MS differed among ethnicity groups with smoking in the Han; male gender in the Uygur populations.
MS prevalence in the Han population is higher than that in the Uygur and Kazak populations in Xinjiang, northwestern part of China. Male gender, older age, overweight or obesity and drinking appear to be relevant risk factors of MS. These findings emphasize the urgent need to develop national strategies for the prevention, detection, and treatment of MS and sets of risk factors for MS among different Ethnicity Groups.