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Cardiovascular diseases are among the common causes of high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. As such, risk factors should be controlled to reduce morbidity caused by cardiovascular diseases. In this study, the current status of the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases affecting Henan provincial civil servants was investigated. The morbidity risk of ischaemic cardiovascular diseases (ICVD) of this group for 10 years was also evaluated.
Using a cross-sectional survey method, we randomly sampled 2,211 Henan provincial civil servants aged 35 years to 59 years. This thesis subjected these servants to physical examinations and instructed them to answer medical questionnaires. A simple assessment table model of the morbidity risk on local individuals with ICVD for 10 years was also included in this method.
The average exposure rates of civil servants in terms of overweight, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and smoking were 62.96%, 76.07%, 34.87%, 8.10% and 21.30%, respectively. The prevalence of hyperlipidemia and diabetes mellitus increased with age. The risk factor exposure of male civil servants was significantly higher than that of female civil servants. The absolute risk of male civil servants of ICVD for 10 years was higher than that of healthy individuals of the same age, and the absolute risk increased rapidly beyond the age of 45 years. The absolute risk of female civil servants was also higher than that of healthy individuals beyond the age of 40 years; nevertheless, this risk likely increased rapidly beyond the age of 50 years.
The morbidity risk of Henan provincial civil servants with ICVD remains at a high level. As such, effective health management is recommended for civil servants. The assessment method for ICVD is available to screen high risk populations, but this information should be further evaluated and developed in terms of index score weighting.