Author + information
- Naufal Zagidullin,
- Elena Sherbakova,
- Alina Dunaeva and
- Shamil Zagidullin
Background: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a formidable side effect of iodinated contrast medium use in subjects undergoing coronary angiogram (CAG). Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) may reduce the risk of CIN. The aim of the study was to investigate the nephroprotective effects of RIPC in coronary heart disease (CHD) in patients, undergoing CAG, with mild to moderate lowered estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).
Methods: In the randomized, blinded, sham RIPC (sRIPC) controlled study 51 patients with CHD and GFR less than 80 mL/min/m2, undergoing CAG, were investigated (Fig. 1). The patients were randomized for RIPC (n=26, 60.5±2.0 years) or sRIPC (n=25, 62.96±1.7). RIPC was performed before the CAG by means of 3-5-minute cycle cuff pumped on the upper arm + 50 mm Hg above the systolic blood pressure (BP), while in sRIPC it corresponded to diastolic BP. The primary endpoint was the development of CIN and secondary – change of biomarkers (creatinine, urea, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), cystatin-C).
Results: In RIPC group, CIN occurred in 28% of cases, while in sRIPC – 3.8%. All investigated markers increased in sRIPC and declined in RIPC; the difference was significant in markers between the groups before and after CAG.
Conclusions: RIPC proved nephroprotective effect in prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy in CHD subjects with mild to moderate lowered eGFR.
Poster Hall, Hall C
Friday, March 17, 2017, 3:45 p.m.-4:30 p.m.
Session Title: Coronary Angiography, Intra-Vascular Imaging, Revascularization and Outcomes
Abstract Category: 2. Acute and Stable Ischemic Heart Disease: Clinical
Presentation Number: 1166-319
- 2017 American College of Cardiology Foundation