Author + information
- Stephen Angeli,
- Daniel Angeli,
- Nicole Eichman,
- Michael Sielski and
- Michelle Amundson
Background: Studies have shown that regular exercise reduces both the burden of diabetes and the risk of death from cardiovascular disease. The determinants of an active lifestyle are not fully understood. The hypothesis of the current study is that athletic participation in high school (HS) would confer health benefits in adulthood in the form of greater fitness and less metabolic risk.
Methods: 374 consecutive outpatients referred for exercise testing were asked to complete a questionnaire that included number of years of HS interscholastic sports participation, smoking status, presence of diabetes, level of education, amount of exercise they engaged in per week and attendance at a US or foreign HS. Waist circumference, blood pressure, (BP) and body mass index, (BMI) were measured. The standard Bruce Protocol was utilized to obtain total treadmill time and METs. No deviation from this protocol was allowed.
Results: We found a positive correlation between athletic participation in HS and total treadmill time, (454 ± 120 sec. [no sports] vs. 526 ± 122 sec. [4 years of HS sports] p<0.001) and METs (9.9 ± 2.37 vs. 11.11 ± 2.36 p<0.001). Linear regression estimates a 17.7 second increase in treadmill time for each additional year of HS sports. Participation in HS sports was also associated with higher reported weekly exercise time, (1.99 hrs. ± 2.93 vs. 3.56 ± 3.97 p<0.001). Women were significantly less likely to have participated in HS sports, (among those reporting no HS sports participation, 64% were women). When using multivariate regressions to control for gender, HS athletic participation still had a statistically significant effect on treadmill time, (women: 437 sec. ± 114 vs. men: 519 ± 127 p=<0.001), METS (9.67 ± 2.34 vs. 11.0 ± 2.31 p=<0.001), and hours of weekly exercise, (2.02 hrs. ± 3.03 vs. 3.00 ± 3.65 p=0.0053). We could not find any association among HS sports and diabetes, smoking, waist circumference, total medications taken, domestic or foreign HS, BMI or BP.
Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that participation in HS athletics is associated with improved adult lifestyle habits and cardiovascular fitness. Further study is needed to confirm the findings.
Poster Hall, Hall C
Saturday, March 18, 2017, 9:45 a.m.-10:30 a.m.
Session Title: Updates on Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease
Abstract Category: 32. Prevention: Clinical
Presentation Number: 1187-050
- 2017 American College of Cardiology Foundation