Author + information
- Rajeev Gupta,
- Vijay P. Gupta,
- Aachu Agrawal,
- Krishna Sharma and
- Raghubir S. Khedar
Background: Hypertension treatment and control rates of 80% are suggested by WHO for achieving health related UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). We evaluated hypertension awareness, treatment and control in an Indian urban population over 25-year period to identify trends.
Methods: Participants enrolled in successive population based studies in Jaipur, India (n=6, 1991-2015) were evaluated for hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control. The studies were performed in 1991-93, 1999-01, 2004-05, 2006-07, 2009-10 and 2013-15. We projected trends to year 2030 using studies from 2000-15.
Results: Age-adjusted hypertension prevalence in successive studies increased from 31.0 to 36.9, 51.3, 53.4, 34.4 and 36.1% (ptrend<0.001). Trends in hypertension awareness, treatment and control are shown in the Figure. Although there is a significant increase in hypertension awareness (R2=0.59), treatment (R2=0.45), and control (R2=0.85) from 2000-2015, the rates are low. Projections show that at the current rate of hypertension awareness (y=2.4x+41.2), treatment (y=3.1x+24.9) and control (y=2.2x+10.8), Indian urban subjects are unlikely to achieve 2030 SDG target.
Conclusions: Hypertension awareness, treatment and control rates are low in India. The rates are increasing but are off-target for SDG's.
Poster Hall, Hall C
Sunday, March 19, 2017, 9:45 a.m.-10:30 a.m.
Session Title: Novel Strategies for Assessing and Improving Adherence to Blood Pressure Lowering Therapies
Abstract Category: 33. Prevention: Hypertension
Presentation Number: 1275-036
- 2017 American College of Cardiology Foundation