Author + information
- Alejandro Lemor,
- Shawn Lee,
- Carlos Gongora,
- Farid Gholitabar and
- Davendra Mehta
Background: Every year the number of cases of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy increases and it is still a disease with limited data and unclear treatment approach. We aim to describe the differences among gender in admission rates, admission month and inpatient mortality.
Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study using the 2013 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) of adult patients hospitalized with stress induced cardiomyopathy as the admitting diagnosis. Our outcomes included inpatient mortality and admission month based on the gender.
Results: A total of 7070 patients with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy were identified in our sample population. Ninety percent were female (6405 patients), the mean age was 66 years, and a total of 115 (1.6%) died during their hospital stay. The probability of inpatient mortality for male patients admitted with stress induced cardiomyopathy was 85% more in comparison with female (RR: 0.15; p<0.00); 6.8% of male patients died versus 1% of female patients. July, August and September were the months with higher number of admissions (Figure 1.) Figure 2 shows the difference between the month of the year and gender. May was the month in which more males were admitted (14%) and July was when more females were admitted (10.6%).
Conclusions: Even though 90% of patients with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy admitted to the hospital are female, the mortality is higher among males. Admission rates for this condition increases during July, August and September, with a nadir during March and April.
Poster Hall, Hall C
Sunday, March 19, 2017, 9:45 a.m.-10:30 a.m.
Session Title: Unusual Presentations of ACS
Abstract Category: 2. Acute and Stable Ischemic Heart Disease: Clinical
Presentation Number: 1297-320
- 2017 American College of Cardiology Foundation