Author + information
- Nima Keyvan,
- Brian Howard,
- Guo Xiaofan,
- Sun Yong Lee and
- Byron Lee
Background: Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) following energy drink consumption has been reported since the popularization of these drinks which contain caffeine and other stimulants. We sought to find risk factors that may identify those more susceptible to SCD after drink consumption.
Methods: Using an online search engine, cases of sudden cardiac death following energy drink consumption from November 2000 to December 2014 were identified. The friends and families of the patients were found and contacted using social networking sites and internet searches to obtain more information about the incident. For each case, demographics, preexisting medical problems, details surrounding the incident, and autopsy results were obtained whenever possible. The data was analyzed for trends and recurring instances.
Results: Thirteen cases of patients who died from SCD following energy drink consumption were identified. The mean age was 20.7 ± 14 years and 10/13 (77%) were male. Of the 11 cases where patient age was known, 82% of the patients were 21 or under. Medical records were obtained for 10/13 cases. Of these ten, 7/10 (70%) were found ultimately to have preexisting heart conditions and/or heart abnormalities, and 5/7 (71%) of these were first discovered via autopsy. Additionally, in 6/10 (60%) patients, sudden death followed moderate to intense physical activity.
Conclusions: SCD appears to be more likely to occur following energy drink consumption in people who are 21 and under, male, have preexisting heart conditions or engage in physical activity during or after the time of consumption. Raising awareness of these risk factors may reduce energy drink associated SCD.
Poster Hall, Hall C
Friday, March 17, 2017, 10:00 a.m.-10:45 a.m.
Session Title: Improving Outcomes in the Athlete With Cardiovascular Disease
Abstract Category: 7. Arrhythmias and Clinical EP: Sports and Exercise
Presentation Number: 1111-115
- 2017 American College of Cardiology Foundation